Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Essay on To what extent can urban area be sustainable

To what extent can urban areas be sustainable? Urban sustainability is the idea that an urban area can be organised without excessive reliance on the surrounding countryside and be able to power itself with renewable sources of energy. The aim of this is to create the smallest possible environmental footprint and to produce the lowest quantity of pollution possible, to efficiently use land, compost used materials, recycle it or convert waste-to-energy, and to make the urban area overall contribution to climate change minimal. Therefore allowing the next generations and future generations to have the required resources without compromising them. However sustainably needs to focus also on other issues such as crime and economic factors.†¦show more content†¦While items such as paper, glass, metal cans, plastic and clothes can all be recycled. However the start up costs of recycling. A good example of an Urban area which has a high rate of waste management is Curitiba which recycles 70% of its waste. In the late 1980â€℠¢s it was the first city to offer a wide variety of recycling services. Curitiba recycles 2/3 of its household waste this figure is one of the highest in the world. The recycling plants are made up of recycled material and employ people who find it hard to get jobs for example immigrants and disabled people, this makes the employees feel valued and it helps to improve the lives. Colour co-ordinating teams collect the waste that has been separated in inorganic and organic waste. It is then sorted and sent out to other recycling plants to process. Cans are recycled at the fraction of the cost of producing new ones. Another example of an area with good sustainable waste management is in Nottingham where they have incorporated a waste management project which have worked very effectively in terms local sustainably like Curitiba. However some of the waste was used in an incinerator to supply electricity to parts of Nottingham. The initial electricity that was not used by Nottingham due to them part-schally generating there own electricity was resold to theShow MoreRelatedTo What Extent Can Urban Areas Be Sustainable1687 Words   |  7 PagesUrban sustainability is the idea that an urban area can be organised without excessive reliance on the surrounding countryside and be able to power itself with renewable sources of energy. The aim of this is to create the smallest possible environmental footprint and to produce the lowest quantity of pollution possible, to efficiently use land, compost used materials, recycle it or convert waste-to-energy, and to make the urban area overall contribution to cli mate change minimal. Therefore allowingRead MoreProblems Faced By The New Industrial City1586 Words   |  7 Pagesa certain extent, further problems are also created. This essay will argue that this requires a continuous need for constant technological solutions to be created to solve the continual influx of problems. Ultimately, this continuous issue can be solved if our cities move towards achieving a smarter and sustainable world. An examination of the cause of problems in contemporary cities, and the experiences they underwent once new technologies were introduced, helps people understand what technologiesRead MoreForm And Design Of Development Essay1181 Words   |  5 Pagesdesign of new development shall complement and protect any significant natural features such as river valleys, ravines, wooded areas and parklands that form part of, or are located adjacent to, the site under consideration. Moreover is also possible that in certain areas, the development may be focused entirely around such natural features or heritage sites. To the extent feasible, existing trees of desirable species should be retained and incorporated into the landscaping plans for new developmentRead MoreThe Food Revolution Of Cuba1525 Words   |  7 Pages Action to grow in vacant lots began and resulted in what is now called organoponicos. In Micky Ellinger’s â€Å"Urban Agriculture in Cuba,† he cites that there are over 7,000 organoponicos and growing. In the city of Havana there are close to 2.1 million people, it houses more that 200 gardens and thousands of backyards and rooftops where people are practicing the sustainable food growing practice of urban agriculture. (Worldatlas.com) The urban agriculture development succeeded due to structural changesRead MoreA Brief Note On Sub Saharan Region As Low Developing Countries1643 Words   |  7 Pageskey reasons lie behind of the low energy access levels are: low consumption of electricity by the low income of the residents in the areas, unstable power supply, uneven access level and high costs involved. Following by that, Prasad brings up the solutions of improving the electricity access by amending the policies: enhancements of the work among the policy areas, allowing more capital inflow, especially by the contribution of private sector, and facilitating the regional power trade. The authorRead MoreCities in US History: 20th century We all come across with the term globalization. The developing1300 Words   |  6 Pagesbattled with increased globalization. But be careful, the effects of globalization are very complex as well as far-reaching. No doubt there are certainly some positive effects, but one cannot overlook the negative consequences of globalization over the area like cultures in the widespread developing world. Globalization is a nothing but the concept that symbolize the contested visions of a worldwide identity. In America, the heritage, culture and individuality has been compromised by this globalizationRead More Common Law Concepts Essay1655 Words   |  7 Pagesindividuals within a society to prevent nuisance. Furthermore, compensation concept has raised conflict between environmental concerns and restricts the property holder’s rights to fully utilize their resources. Nevertheless, the idea of compensation can also be seen as an ethical guideline for the society, of which if any laws we re to be broken, for example harming the environment, appropriate punishments will be conducted. Therefore, the act of compensation may lead to a greater cause in the longRead MoreFarming In The Central Valley Of California1455 Words   |  6 Pagesproduce grown in the United States. Recent droughts, recession, and growing urbanization in California have changed the conversation around farming practices and the large role family farms still play in the state. Popular opinions circulating the urban areas were calling into question the sacrifices farms were making throughout the drought, believing they got a free pass to use all the water they wanted while residents had to stop watering their lawns and implement low flush toilets. Another commonRead MorePopulation Growth And Urban Road Emissions1738 Words   |  7 PagesPOPULATION GROWTH AND URBAN ROAD EMISSIONS Toh Xinyi Cindi1 1Undergraduate Student, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, McGill University, 817 Sherbrooke St. W., xinyi.toh@mail.mcgill.ca Abstract This paper describes how world population growth is the most challenging factor in affecting urban road emissions. As world population grows, urban population has increased leading to greater demands for private motor vehicles due to issues like urban sprawl and the aspirations for owningRead MoreThe Current Trends Global Transportation1348 Words   |  6 Pagesunsustainable for a number of reasons, including profound impacts on the climate and heavy dependence on limited fossil fuel supplies (Greene, 1997). However, there is a great deal of disagreement among researchers and policy makers regarding what constitutes a â€Å"sustainable† system of economics, governance, or transport. The prevailing notion of sustainability has largely focused on reducing impacts to the planet from an ecological and natural resources perspective. In a broader policy context, however, the

Friday, May 15, 2020

Essay about Mayan, Inca, and Aztec Civilizations - 788 Words

Mayan, Inca, and Aztec Civilizations The Mayan, Inca, and Aztec civilizations each originated from Latin America. The Mayans lived in southern and central Mexico, other Mayans lived in Central America in the present day countries of Belize, Guatemala, and ancient Honduras. The Incas lived along the long coastal strip, and in the high peaks and deep fertile valleys of the Andes Mountains, and along the edges of the tropical forest to the east; this would be the country of Peru, Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia, and Argentina in present days. The Aztecs were from Aztlan located in both north and northwest Mexico. These civilizations were possible because the people in the areas became sedentary and agricultural. They were able to do this†¦show more content†¦They did not have a set military hierarchy, they just picked who they thought was best for the job at that time. Expansion was the cornerstone of the Aztec civilization, because their religion demanded that a large number of human sacrifices be made to the gods. To get these sacrifices the Aztec went to war with other tribes; in this way they captured more slaves for sacrifices and also more land to add to their empire. The Aztec was a strong civilization who had specialized war chiefs and an organized system for amassing large armies in a short time. Each Maya City governed the area surrounding it; some large cities each controlled one or more of the smaller cities. If the leader died his younger brother or son would succeed the ruler. This led generations of a single family to rule for hundreds of years. In the Andes, the Incas, kept their power by providing entertainments and giving luxurious gifts to the people. The people paid taxes in return for these gifts. The Inca emperor married his sister and his generals were normally related to him. This ensured a certain loyalty from them to the emperor. The Aztecs held power through land ownership. In the beginning there existed very little political hierarchy in the areas of the Amazon River Basin; usually they just had a tribal chief. This was because villages were usually separated by dense forest and jungle. LaterShow MoreRelatedEconomy in Early American Civilizations: Maya, Aztecs and Inca865 Words   |  4 Pagessocieties were very similar. One of these societies, the Mayans, lived in southern Mexico and northern Central America from the 3rd to the 10th century CE, and they relied on the trade of goods such as obsidian and crops such as cacao beans. Another American civilization was the Aztec civilization. They were located in the Valley of Mexico around the 13th to 16th century CE, and they used slash-and-burn farming to plant crops to trade. The Inca Empire existed from the 13th to the 16th century CE alongRead MoreIncas Versus The Aztecs And Mayans Essay1315 Words   |  6 PagesIncas versus the Aztecs and Mayans The incas rose in 1438, they fell in 1533. They suffered the attacks of Spanish conquerors such as Spaniard Francisco Pizarro (1475-1541) and the spread of small box. At the peak of power the civilization extended 4,000 km (2,500 miles) and included 16 million people. They were extremely advanced, had an army, laws, roads, bridges, and tunnels. Inca’s were the most advanced civilization because of their government, agriculture, architecture and technology comparedRead MoreMayans, Incas, And Aztecs Essay1586 Words   |  7 Pagesthere is one civilization that we can put the blame on, the Mayans. There were many myths and legends that come from the 3 major civilizations that we’ve all learned about; Mayans, Incas, and Aztecs. The Mayans, Incas, and Aztecs built great and legendary civilizations in Mexico, Central America, and South America and with understanding these three we get a better understanding of the early life in these places. The first of these three is the M aya civilization. Tracing back to the Mayans we go backRead MoreIvilizations of the Americas: Mayan, Aztec, and Incan Civilizations786 Words   |  4 PagesIncan empire in 1539. The three most advanced civilizations were the Mayans, the Aztecs, and the Incas. All three civilizations made major accomplishments, all being added upon and used by other civilizations. For example, the Mayans had created a calendar with three hundred sixty-five and a quarter days. The Incas had created terrace farming to create better and a larger amount of crops. All of these civilizations have impacted the world today. Mayans developed a complex calendar with hieroglyphicsRead MoreMayan, Aztec, Incan Dbq768 Words   |  4 PagesThe Mayan, Aztec, and Inca civilizations brought major accomplishments to the world today. These accomplishments established them as advanced societies during their time without the influence of Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. Some of these accomplishments ranged from agriculture to architecture and on to writing and trade. Such as, the Mayans with their agriculture system of chinampas and there monumental temple/pyramids, the Aztecs with their trading in the city of Tenochtitlan, and the IncasRead MoreThe Aztecs Werelocated In Mexico, Built On A Series Of1180 Words   |  5 PagesThe aztecs were located in Mexico, Built on a series of islets in Lake Texcoco , and was divided in four cities. Itzcoatl successor Montezuma who took power in 1440 By the early 16th century founded in 1428. (found in the 13th century) Mexico-Tenochtitlan, commonly known as Tenochtitlan was a Mexica located on an island in Lake Texcoco, in the Valley of Mexico.Aztec Economy Trade and Currency. the aztec trade everything, it was really important to them they relied heavily on agriculture and farmingRead MoreDbq 9: Civilizations of the Americas1258 Words   |  6 PagesDBQ 9: Civilizations of the Americas The Mayan, Aztec and Incan civilizations each contributed major accomplishments to the world today. These accomplishments established them as advanced societies during their time. The Incans built a large road system, devised a complex irrigation system and developed their own language. The Mayans constructed the largest structure known until modern times, made drastic accomplishments in mathematics, studied astronomy and formed a calendar. The Aztecs builtRead MoreMayans, Aztecs, And Incas Essay1540 Words   |  7 PagesThe Aztecs, Mayans, and Incas were civilizations that settled in Central and South America thousands of years ago. There are vastly similar to each other, but also very different. They each had their own ways of growing their civilizations into what they needed to be successful. They had their own cultures and ways of life, but the ideas of each of them similarly came together in one way or another. The Mayan civilization was located in Central America on the Yucatan peninsula and down into theRead MoreAztec, Inca And Aztec Civilizations1134 Words   |  5 Pagesother prospering civilizations thriving in parts of Central America and parts of Mexico. The Mayan, Incan and Aztec civilizations were a few of the greatest ancient civilizations in history, but they each had distinct characteristics that helped them prosper into the great empires that they became. Each had their own fascinating ways of food production, governing system and culture. The Mayans were established first out of the three and settled in modern-day Mexico. Then came the Aztecs and they alsoRead MoreRoom 1 - The Magnificent Mayans1213 Words   |  5 PagesMagnificent Mayans Culture Artifact 1: Ceramic Bowl Picture/Source: Ceramic Bowl (Britannica 1) Description/Source: This artifact shows a ceramic bowl that was used by the Mayans in everyday life for pottery making and used in everyday art. Artifact 2: Ruins from a Mayan Temple Picture/Source: Ruins from a Mayan Temple (Britannica 1) Description/Source: The ruins from the temple show religion in Mayan culture because this is where the Mayans went as a place of worship. Artifact 3: Mayan Sculpture

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Intensive Animal Agriculture - 815 Words

Intensive animal agriculture There is a symbiotic relationship that exists between cattle and grass. The cattle maintain a habitat for the grasses through the prevention of shrubs and trees gaining a foothold. They also spread the grass seeds planting them with their hooves as well as fertilizing it. In exchange for this, the grasses offer exclusive meals for the cattle which they convert into high quality protein. The first ingredient in the steers feed was Rumensin which was a powerful antibiotic. This is included in the feeds as animals placed on a back grounding pen tend to get sick as the cows digestive process can be disturbed. This can result to the death of the animals and hence the antibiotics will reduce this disturbance. Corn is a mainstay of the diet of livestock as there are no other cheap and plentiful feeds. Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations are a direct result of corn subsidies such as the ethanol boom which have been ever-growing in surpluses. There has also been a rise of modern family farms due to the surpluses that soared years after the Second World War as a result of the widespread use of petrochemical fertilizers. A corn diet affects the meat consumed as cows fed on corn develop well-marbled flesh which gives the meat a likeable taste and texture. At the same time this meat is termed unhealthy due to its high content of saturated fat. The fat is unhealthy and believed to promote heart diseases. There is also numerous health problems associatedShow MoreRelatedSubsistence Agriculture vs. Industrial-Style Animal Farming708 Words   |  3 Pagesï » ¿Contrast subsistence agriculture and industrial-style animal farming. Subsistence farming is the most basic of farming methods where a small plot of land is cultivated by an individual, a family or a community just to feed their hungry mouths. All the produce is consumed by the family and not intended for sale outside. The experts believe that this kind of farming is almost primeval and needs to change quickly to the industrialized mode all over the world, if abject poverty and famine are toRead MoreAgriculture : Agriculture And Agriculture Essay1360 Words   |  6 PagesAgriculture plays an important role in India. With an immense amount land, rich soils, and multiple climates agriculture is one of the most important economies in India. The word agriculture is defined as the science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food and other products. Agriculture and farming in India are similar to those around the world. They too farm based off of culture, climate, and seaso ns. The mainRead MoreOrganic Farming Can Help Feed The World And Will Help Maintain Soil1061 Words   |  5 Pagessmall, and potentially overestimated, differences in yield between organic and conventional agriculture, despite historically low rates of investment in organic cropping systems. (Berkeley)† Organic agriculture has increased biodiversity. There is an ambition that agriculture can help feed the world and will help maintain soil (Berkeley). A student at Berkeley says, â€Å"Increasing that proportion of agriculture that uses sustainable, organic methods of farming is not a choice, it’s a necessity (Kreman)Read MoreFood Gathering And Its Effects On The Environment Essay1663 Words   |  7 Pagesin the most while studying Cultural Anthropology. To begin with the topic of agriculture and the history of human adaptation, we could begin with the Neolithic Revolution. Ever since the beginning of the species of Homo sapiens during the Paleolithic age or better known as the Stone Age, food collection and agriculture have been a priority to survival. During this period, stone tools were used for hunting animals until it shifted to creating crops and settlements that made the Neolithic RevolutionRead MoreEnvironmental Implications Of Animal Agriculture1668 Words   |  7 PagesIn the past several years, there has been a rising shared interest in understanding where and how food is produced. Yet gradually over time, the consumer has become further and further removed from food production and agriculture. Animal agriculture, which includes livestock species (pigs, cattle, sheep, and goats) and poultry (chickens, turkeys, ducks, and geese), plays an integral part in the current food industry and yet its impact on the environment, nat ural resources, and on other organismsRead MoreThe Effects Of Agriculture On The Environment1561 Words   |  7 PagesWhile agriculture is pivotal to human survival, it has some very detrimental effects on the environment. Agricultural production is first and foremost an industry that directly depends on natural resources such as water, land and a multitude of plants and animals. The exponentially growing human population and ever changing consumption patterns have stimulated the evolution of agriculture from the traditional to a now modern, intensive system. (Natural Resources Management and Environment DepartmentRead MoreThe Agricultural Revolution Of Cuba1516 Words   |  7 Pagesself-sufficient than ever before. Conserving the environment has growing support and is the future of all agricultural development. The agricultural revolution of Cuba has inspired other countries to be self-sufficient, to practice a more sustainable form of agriculture, and to direct farming toward meeting the needs of people within a country, rather than producing cash crops for export. Policies on global food production threatened the food security of many countries. First, economically vulnerable countriesRead MoreGuns, Germs, And Steel By Jared Diamond1453 Words   |  6 PagesThroughout history, the circumstances that people were born into were not equal. While some were born on hospitable lands where people and animals could flourish, others were born on desolate and isolated lands that proved unsuitable for plants and livestock. These uncontrollable circumstances as well as others created the different types of lifestyles that people live by. Through the book Guns, Germs, and Steel, Jared Diamond illustrates the five themes of world history by explaining a chain ofRead MoreGuns, Germs, And Steel By Jared Diamond1513 Words   |  7 Pages AP World History Summer Assignment Throughout history, the circumstances that people were born into were not equal. While some people were born on hospitable lands where people and animals could flourish, others were born on desolate and isolated lands that proved unsuitable for livestock. These uncontrollable circumstances as well as others, such as climate, created the different types of lifestyles that people have adopted. ThroughRead MoreMutual Relationship Between Agriculture and Industrialization1445 Words   |  6 Pagesgovernments encourage or enforce industrialisation. Agriculture Agriculture also called farming or husbandry is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel and other products used to sustain life. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of civilization. The history of agriculture dates back thousands of years, and its development

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Cpu Internal Organisations Essay Research Paper CPU free essay sample

Cpu Internal Organisations Essay, Research Paper CPU Internal Organisations The input/output ( I/O ) interface, coach constructions, microprocessor, memories and peripherals ( besides known as external or I/O devices ) are the major constituents of a computing machine system. These constituents invariably trade information and instructions to finish assigned operations. With the exclusion of the peripherals, the on-going communicating between constituents is conducted within the system through interconnectednesss or waies called coachs. Peripherals such as keyboards, add-in cards ( including frame grabbers ) , proctors, modems and pressmans are instead connected to the system through the I/O interface. The I/O connexion features a communicating line to direct and have informations between the system and peripherals. Figure 1 illustrates the standard microprocessor-based Personal computer architecture outlined above. Note: the peripherals link to the system through the I/O interface instead than straight through the system s host coach. The primary intent of a system s host coach is to link constituents and let them to pass on. We will write a custom essay sample on Cpu Internal Organisations Essay Research Paper CPU or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page To accomplish this, the host coach is composed of three types of communicating lines. An reference coach is a one-way way that allows the microprocessor to stipulate which of the assorted locations in the memories and in the I/O interface it is accessing. Using this way, the microprocessor can choose a memory reference from which to get or in which to hive away informations. The CPU besides queries the I/O interface and devices utilizing the reference coach to stipulate input and end product locations. A information coach carries the existent information between the microprocessor, memories and the I/O interface. Because the informations coach is bidirectional, information can be both sent and received on these lines. A control coach handles the arbitration and distinction between informations coming in and informations traveling out of different constituents by conveying read, write and other control signals. In measuring coach architecture, our primary concern is with transportations happening on the information coach. The information coach is responsible for traveling the majority of information that travels through a system. And the informations coach design finally determines how expeditiously that information will flux. Specifying characteristics of the informations coach include the size or bandwidth of the coach, the velocity of the coach, and the location of the coach within the system. It helps to believe of the informations coach as a gateway through which a certain sum of information can go through. The coach contains a clock that indicates the velocity at which information can travel through the gateway. The way size or breadth of the coach indicates the volume or measure of informations that can travel through the gateway. The clock velocity is measured in MHz and the way size is measured in spots. The transportation rate brings these two variables together to stand for how much and how fast information is traveling at any given clip. The transportation rate is normally indicated in Ms per second.

Monday, April 13, 2020

In The Style Of Twain Essays - English-language Films,

In The Style Of Twain 1 In the Style of Twain The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, is said to be the source from which all great American literature has stemmed (Smith 127). This is in part attributed to Mark Twain's ability to use humor and satire, as well as incorporating serious subject matter into his work. Throughout the novel Twain takes on the serious issue of Huck's moral dilemma. One such issue which is particularly important in the novel is pointed out by Smith: He swears and smokes, but he has a set of ethics all his own. He believes that slaves belong to their rightful owners, yet in his honest gratitude toward his friend Jim, he helps him to escape the bonds of slavery. (181) This is something that tears at Huck throughout the novel and helps Twain show how complex Huck's character really is. The recognition of complexity in Huck's character enabled Twain to do full justice to the conflict of vernacular values and the dominant culture (Smith 125). Throughout Huck and Jim's adventures Huck is constantly playing practical jokes on Jim who seems to take them all in stride. But unknown to the reader Twain uses this aspect as another notch in Huck's moral 2 growth. Critic Frank McGill points this out: Huck's humble apology for the prank he plays on Jim in the fog is striking evidence of growth in Huck's moral insight. It leads naturally to the next chapter in which Twain causes Huck to face up for the first time to the fact he is helping a slave escape.(119) Another serious issue addressed by Twain is the abuse that was given to Huck by his father. Huck was kidnaped from the Widow Douglas by his father who had heard of his inheritance. Huck's father then took him to a cabin far away in the woods where he kept the boy a prisoner, beating him and half starving him. Twain tells us how Huck felt about life with his father: Before long Huck began to wonder why he had even liked living with the widow. With his father he could smoke and swear all he wanted, and his life would have been quiet pleasant if it had not been for all of the constant beatings. (156) Huck would soon after grow tired of the beatings and fakes his death to escape the cabin. The humorous side of Twain is probably what he is most well known for. Humor is considered an art form by many writers. Jane Bernadette states the difference between humor and comical stories: The humorous story is strictly a work of art high and delicate and only an Curran 3 artist can tell it; but no art is necessary in telling the comic and the witty story; anybody can do it. The art of telling a humorous story-understand, I mean by word of mouth, not print-was created in America and has remained at home. (159) Twain satirizes the south for its seriousness on certain matters. I think one of the most notably southern traits of Mark Twain's humor is its power of seeing the fun of southern seriousness(Bernadette 175). Twain also satirizes the society of the ?day' by describing the colonel Grangerford as the symbol of southern aristocracy(245). Twain also goes on to satirize the south's racism. One such instance is pointed out in the novel when Aunt Polly hears of a steamboat explosion. Good gracious is anyone hurt? No, it just killed a negro (209). Religious satire is another aspect that Twain uses. An easy illustration of this is the Widow's attempt to teach Huck religious principles while she persists on keeping slaves. Huck's principles of morality make him more ?Christian' than the Widow even though he takes no interest in her lifeless principles(Bernadette 288). Twain's humor has been mistaken by some to be racist or politically incorrect. The humor of Mark Twain contains a sense of the i ncongruous which frontiersmen felt in a region where civilization and uncultivated nature come face to face (McGill 95). In conclusion I think that the style and structure of Mark Twain's work not only exemplifies him as a humorist but as a serious writer as well ; a writer who cannot be Curran 4 categorized by any one

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

police brutality essays

police brutality essays Police brutality is a problem in our country today. There are many instances where the police have gone too far in dealing with criminals. There are many things that people are doing to stop police brutality. More and more bad cops are being caught in their wrong doings. There are many cases that go unseen. The police are good at keeping things quiet. They have a code of honor that says that police do not tell on each other. The Johnny Gammage case was a recent case in the news. One of the only reasons that this case made the news is because Gammage is the cousin of Pittsburgh Steeler Ray Seals. The outcome of this case angered many people. On October twelfth, 1995, Johnny Gammage the 31-year-old black male was pulled over. Gammage committed no crime. After an altercation with the police he was brutally beaten. Over the course of seven minutes he was beaten and suffocated by five police officers. An autopsy showed that Gammage was suffocated by pressure applied to his neck and chest when the officers were trying to restrain him. On November third, 1995 a six-member coroner's jury recommended that criminal homicide charges be filed against the police officers. District Attorney Bob Colville said that he would only charge three out of the five officers involved in the beating. He charged Lt. Milton Mulholland and Patrolman John Vojtas with 3rd degree murder, official oppression, and involuntary manslaughter. He charged Patrolman Michael G. Albert with involuntary manslaughter. Allegheny county judge James R. McGregor ordered the three officers to stand trial for the misdemeanor charge of involuntary manslaughter. This is the lowest form of homicide. He dropped the third degree murder and official oppression charges against Mulholland and Vojtas. During the trial a witness said that he witnessed a fight that lead to Gammage's death. He contradicted the story told by the police and said t...

Monday, February 24, 2020

Counterfeiting and Pricing in China and UK Dissertation - 1

Counterfeiting and Pricing in China and UK - Dissertation Example Counterfeiting a product is a type of cheating the consumers. â€Å"Counterfeiting is such a problem in China that it may drive away some foreign investors that manufacture designer label goods, companies warn. They say that despite efforts by the authorities, they were still losing millions of dollars in revenues because of availability of counterfeit products† (International Management, Phatak, 2006)† (Designer Concern Over Mainland Fakes Threatens Future Investment 2002). Now a day, fashion industry is seen using the counterfeit products on a large scale. More number of designers is using the style and color of the same product which are being designed by the other designers. Girls of young age are attracted towards it, as when different colors emerge of the same design. Such consumers believe that the label name, brand name, and recognizing characteristics of design such as color, logo, outline, and models are very precious. Consumers will have the difficult dilemma whether they use a counterfeit product or an original. Fashion counterfeits may perform as a risk-free test form, make attention between consumers, and create them increase constructive word-of-mouth to other customers. When compared fashionable products to physical appearances, the customers will choose either the counterfeit products or the original one depending on the convenience for shopping, or income as both offer a better appearance irrespective of its product and service quality. "Counterfeiters serve customers who aspire to own luxury goods but who are unable or unwilling to pay for the real thing† ... A greater part of counterfeit commodities bought in the UK are purchased after the importing of those commodities into the country. The majority of clients buys counterfeit products deliberately; while some consumers have been mislead to purchase counterfeits as they supposed were legitimate at the point of sale. 2.3 Mass Production of Counterfeit Products: Products in huge demand can be produced on the basis of the equal or similar features, often enclosed and branded in means to create them indifferent from the existing one. â€Å"The most popular counterfeit market is clothing, followed by shoes, watches, leather goods, and jewelry. Louis Vuitton, Gucci, Burberry, Tiffany, Prada, Hermes, Chanel, Dior, Yves St Laurent, and Cartier are frequently pirated. Knockoffs of fashion brands are usually manufactured in China, South Korea, Taiwan, and South America.† (Ritson 2007). The counterfeit products are then sold through counterpart markets, or even familiarize into the product supply series. Without the expenses of the other similar products, the counterfeits are rated particularly with regard to the competitors. Owing to the viable circumference, in a number of marketplaces in some division of the world, counterfeit goods are faraway more widespread than the previous products. When compared to UK with regard to the counterfeit products, half of the unsafe products come from china. â€Å"Counterfeiting requires advanced and costly production equipment is seen as limiting the number of parties that would engage in infringing activities. For example, the automobiles or products of similar complexity are difficult targets for counterfeiters, even if they can utilize